Onion costs at Rs 100 per kg: Govt ought to discover Israel, Brazil fashions for storage, says FICCI
New Delhi: India, which is presently witnessing a spike in retail onion price up to Rs 100/kg on tight provide, ought to discover low-cost fashionable know-how fashions from nations like Israel and Brazil for storing the commodity, trade physique FICCI stated on Friday.
The federal government’s Tomato Onion Potato (TOP) scheme introduced within the 2018-19 Finances was anticipated to deal with the issue of surplus in producing areas, however the scheme has not taken off, it stated, including that the federal government ought to present railway rakes for lowering transportation value.
FICCI acknowledged that ad-hocism in export bans had critical repercussions and there was a must take away onion from the purview of the Important Commodities Act and undertake agriculture advertising and marketing reforms to facilitate a direct buy from the farmer in a clear method.
Onion, being excessive in water content material, is a fragile commodity to retailer. As much as 40 % of the overall produced onions could be broken in some areas in intervals of excessive rainfall as a result of non-availability of applicable post-harvest storage amenities, it added.
“Many factors have contributed to the run-up in onion prices this year. …However, the seasonal price and arrival pattern of onion, could give some directions to strategise a sustainable policy in future,” the FICCI stated in a report submitted to the federal government.
To handle the present onion disaster, FICCI stated the federal government ought to give attention to a long-term answer together with finding out the Israel and Brazel fashions and investing in low-cost fashionable know-how for storing onion.
“In Israel, onions are stored in open ventilated warehouses with continuous forced air-ventilation through a stack of sets in bulk or bulk bins. Adoption of such measures will help in the storage of onions with innovative methods during the bumper production seasons and reducing the fluctuations in the onion prices. Such methods should be studied and customised for Indian conditions,” it stated.
For making certain cost-effective storage of onions, FICCI stated the emphasis needs to be laid on constructing low-cost farm gate storage.
In Brazil, for the procurement and storage of onions, low-cost ventilated silos system is getting used at farm stage. Additionally they use refrigerated storage rooms which is essentially the most environment friendly system, it stated.
In India, startups comparable to Inficold Inc are utilizing multi-commodity environment friendly farm stage cooling programs for perishables. Low-cost thatched bamboo storage have been promoted by the federal government below the Mission for Built-in Improvement of Horticulture. “However, we need better technology to reduce losses during monsoon,” it stated.
Onion is cultivated in numerous components of India nearly all year long and could be made out there in recent type, besides within the months of July, August and September.
To take care of common provide on this lean interval of about three months, onions are being historically saved in ventilated warehouses (in bulk) the place the losses are very excessive (vary between 20-40 % primarily due to poor pre-harvest and post-harvest practices).
“There is a need to invest in research to find optimum technological solution for storage of onion. The losses are likely to come down to about 5-10 percent by following the standard operating procedure of storage,” the FICCI stated.
Apart from that, the tactic of storing onion crop shouldn’t be thought of much like regular agriculture produce comparable to grains and potatoes.
“Technological innovations for storing onions are required in the long run. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) research institutes and State Agriculture Universities should play a serious role and government should engage with Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and other research institutions,” the FICCI stated.
Creating manufacturing protocols and standardisation of onions requires a targeted analysis and result-oriented planning by ICAR established Directorate of Onion and Garlic Analysis, it added.
Amongst different options, FICCI stated the federal government ought to undertake a particular marketing campaign to advertise processed onion and improve funding in producing dehydrated number of onions which has an extended shelf life and has export potential.
It could be famous that the federal government is presently incurring losses as a result of 25 % wastage within the buffer inventory of 57,000 tonnes onions created for the primary time.
Onion costs have risen sharply due to extreme rains in Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh which produce 60 % of India’s onion.
Exterior elements comparable to climatic adjustments, poor rainfall resulting in delayed sowing and abnormally excessive rainfall in September had been past the management of the federal government, the trade added.
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